THE CONFLICT IN SYRIA

What is happening in Syria and how are we responding?

WHAT IS HAPPENING IN SYRIA?


The conflict in Syria dates back to March 2011.

It started out as a peaceful protest, with public demonstrations calling for democratic reforms. But the peaceful demonstrations were met by swift government opposition, eventually giving way to a brutal war.

Today, the conflict is complex and violent. It has become an internationally backed power struggle between government forces and a mix of opposition groups – including so called Islamic State. Reports of war crimes are widespread.

Right now, we’re extremely concerned by an increase in airstrikes in the opposition-held province of Idlib.

Working through our partners we’ve supported 250,000 people fleeing the unimaginable danger with essential aid.

After eight long years of prolonged violence, Syria’s future is as uncertain now as it was when the fighting first broke out.

But one thing remains constant; Syria’s civilians continue to pay the price. The future of millions of families still hangs in the balance.

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KEY FACTS


  • Over 900,000 people have fled the violence in Idlib since December 2019
  • The war has lasted eight years, and counting
  • One in four schools have been damaged, destroyed or used for shelter
  • Over half of Syria’s hospitals are no longer functioning
  • Millions of hectares of farmland have been destroyed or abandoned
  • More than half of all Syrians have been forced to flee their homes

*OCHA (United Nations Office For The Coordination Of Humanitarian Affairs), Syrian Arab Republic, About the Crisis

WHO WE'RE HELPING

Bayda is 44-years-old and has two children – a little girl who is eight and a little boy who is six. Life was already difficult for Bayda and her husband before the conflict started. Their income was unstable and providing for their family was a struggle.

"Our house was all that we had...but we lost it because of the shelling on the city."

The family managed to escape from so-called Islamic State rule and now live in a camp. Bayda told us that at first she felt like a stranger living in her own country. We were able to provide Bayda’s family with a tent, blankets, mattresses and a solar lamp - small items that can help the family start to rebuild their lives. "Honestly, it saved our lives."

Life in Syria today


Source: Al Jazeera and agencies

The last year has seen a dramatic shift in the power dynamics of the conflict in Syria.

With support from Russia and Iran, the Syrian government has taken back lots of opposition territory around Damascus, as well as parts of the north west and most of the south. Meanwhile Turkey launched an offensive to occupy an enclave in the north west, taking it from the Syrian Kurds.

So called Islamic State has been forced from much of the territory it once controlled. But it still remains a threat and is still capable of launching sporadic attacks across the country.

Kurdish Forces still hold significant territory in the north east, whilst other armed opposition groups still control small areas throughout the country.

Some families are starting to return home to the areas where fighting has ended. But the situation is still volatile, and the level of destruction will present extreme challenges for these families. 

AIRSTRIKES IN IDLIB


Conditions in camps are harsh. New arrivals are moving into old, damaged tents, or having to share with others. Tents battered by the elements are leaking.

Another increase in aerial bombardments and a ground offensive in the province of Idlib has killed or seriously injured innocent people.  

More than 900,000 people have fled the violence since December alone. Fleeing families are squeezed into a smaller and smaller area, with the border to Turkey closed and government forces pushing to reclaim territory in Idlib.

New arrivals are moving into old, abandoned or damaged tents, or having to share with others. Heavy rain has brought flooding; tents battered by the elements are leaking.

ShelterBox is already working with ReliefAid to help thousands of families in Idlib province this winter. But we need your support to do more.

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SUPPORT OUR RESPONSE

There are tens of thousands of families in urgent need of emergency shelter – with your support, we can help even more. 

HOW ARE WE HELPING?


We’re providing shelter for families who have been forced to leave their homes due to the conflict in Syria.

Syria faces extreme heat in the summer and freezing temperatures in the winter, so our aid is designed to reduce their vulnerablity to weather and environmental extremes.

When families are far from home, and traumatised from their experiences, having a safe place to call home is invaluable. Our aim is to help vulnerable people who are not being reached by other humanitarian organisations.

Working through local partners, ShelterBox has now supported 50,000 families affected by the conflict in Syria and Iraq since 2012. This makes it the largest, most sustained response in our history. 

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